12 Terms All Real Estate Investors Should Know
12 Terms All Real Estate Investors Should Know

May 11,2022

12 Terms All Real Estate Investors Should Know

The real estate industry has experienced significant change, leading to unique jargon and technology. If you are a landlord, you need to understand the essential terms in real estate. At 3 Options Realty, we believe that grasping these terms can help you communicate successfully with property management companies and other entities in the industry. Here is a list of the most frequently used words and their meaning.


A realtor is a property management professional who is also a member of the National Association of Realtors. The association stipulates the standard of conduct expected from its members, in addition to state and local regulations.

Real Estate Broker

A real estate broker is a professional certified by relevant governing authorities and acts as a middleman during real estate transactions. The distinction between a realtor and a real estate broker is that a realtor must work for a broker, whereas a broker can work independently.

Seller's and Buyer's Market

When the real estate market's supply of available properties outweighs the demand, higher pricing and increased rivalry among buyers are the characteristics of a seller's market.

On the other hand, the buyer's market contrasts with the seller's market by exhibiting lower pricing and various available properties.

Single-Family and Multi-Family Property

A single-family home refers to a residential property that is not connected to other properties using shared walls. Multi-family properties contain many different households living in separate units but a single building.

Pre-Approved Letter

Before looking for a home, it is crucial to get pre-approved by your creditor before you apply for a loan. A pre-approval letter lets you know how much you can spend before deciding to purchase a home.

Return on Investment (ROI)

This is a ratio between investment and net income, where a high return on investment means the asset is faring well to its cost. ROI is a performance measure used to evaluate the efficiency of investments or compare them.

Multiple Listing Service (MLS)

The United States has thousands of MLS services that provide reimbursement and support made by real estate brokers to other realtors. However, only realtors who are certified and affiliates of a real estate association can list properties on an MLS.

For Sale by Owner (FSBO)

This refers to a property owner who manages to sell their home without any help from a realtor. If the market is hot, the homeowner may not see the need for an agent, mainly if they cannot finance the commissions. However, buyers should be aware of properties not listed through realtors since private owners are not held to a code of ethics.

Principal, Interest, Taxes, and Insurance (PITI)

PITI stands for all the crucial elements included during a mortgage payment: Principal, interest, taxes, and insurance. PITI offers investors a single number when it comes to expenses, making it easy to combine cash flow with operating expenses. Failing to account for these factors can result in erroneous calculations and a false picture of the property's potential profit.

Gross Rental Income (GRI)

Gross rental income refers to rent value plus expenditures and additional fees paid to the renter by the landlord. However, security deposits are not counted as income since they may be returned to the tenant. GRI is a tool used by investors to estimate potential income. Investors can calculate the adjusted gross income and then subtract expenditures.

Fair Market Value (FMV)

This refers to house value on the open market if the buyer and seller are knowledgeable and free of pressure. Buyers can compare FMV to the given price to determine if they are getting a fair deal. It is crucial to note that the FMV is not similar to the appraised value used for tax purposes. Investors can use a third-party realtor or broken price to determine FMV.

If you are looking for a property management company, 3 Options Realty is your go-to service provider for quality services. Call us today and schedule an appointment with the experts.

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